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Professor Williams has spent most of his 45 plus years working on the development of biomaterials, the analysis of biomaterials performance and the understanding of the phenomena of biocompatibility.  

The publications listed below, along with the textbook Essential Biomaterials Science, provide Professor Williams’ recent analysis of biocompatibility phenomena and the development of an overarching theory of biocompatibility mechanisms and the demonstration of biocompatibility pathways.

On the mechanisms of biocompatibility

On the nature of biomaterials

There is no such thing as a biocompatible material

Carinogenicity of implantable materials: experimental and epidemiological evidence